Tanzania Safari Expert


Tracing the History of the East African Slave Trade


Welcome to Bagamoyo, a coastal town that carries the weight of a significant historical era. Embark on a journey through time as you explore the remnants of a town that was once a bustling hub of the East African slave trade. Immerse yourself in Bagamoyo’s rich history, discover its architectural gems, and gain insights into the dark chapter of human history that unfolded within its shores.

Historical Significance:

Bagamoyo holds immense historical significance as a major center of the East African slave trade during the 19th century. It served as a critical transit point where enslaved Africans were captured, held captive, and prepared for transportation across the Indian Ocean. Understanding this history is crucial to comprehending the broader context of the African diaspora and the struggles for freedom and equality.

Exploring the Town:

Begin your exploration of Bagamoyo by strolling through its streets lined with colonial-era buildings. Marvel at the blend of architectural styles, reflecting the influences of Arab, German, and Swahili cultures.

The town’s historic structures provide glimpses into its past and serve as powerful reminders of the trade that once took place here.

The Old Fort:

Visit the Old Fort, also known as the Kaole Ruins, which dates back to the 13th century. This ancient structure served various purposes over the centuries, including a stronghold against Portuguese invasions and later as a temporary holding place for enslaved people. As you wander through its walls, reflect on the complex layers of history that have shaped Bagamoyo.

bagamoyo town
Tanzania Bagomoyo3

The German Boma:

Explore the German Boma, a colonial administrative building constructed during the German East Africa period. This architectural gem stands as a testament to Bagamoyo’s later history as a German colonial outpost. Step inside to discover exhibits that shed light on the town’s colonial past, the German influence, and the impact of European powers on the region.

Bagamoyo Museum:

Delve deeper into Bagamoyo’s history at the Bagamoyo Museum. The museum houses a collection of artifacts, photographs, and documents that illuminate the town’s role in the slave trade. Gain a comprehensive understanding of the transatlantic slave trade, the experiences of enslaved individuals, and the abolitionist movements that fought for their freedom.

Caravan Serai and Slave Routes:

Visit the Caravan Serai, a historic building that once served as a stopping point for caravans transporting enslaved individuals from the interior of East Africa to the coast. Trace the footsteps of the enslaved along the slave routes, contemplating the hardships they endured and the resilience they demonstrated in the face of adversity.

caran van

Cultural Heritage and Community Engagement:

Engage with the local community to gain a deeper appreciation for Bagamoyo’s cultural heritage. Interact with residents, visit local markets, and witness traditional craftsmanship firsthand. Through these encounters, you’ll witness the strength of community bonds and gain insights into the contemporary way of life in Bagamoyo

Reflection and Commemoration:

Bagamoyo invites visitors to reflect on the profound human suffering endured during the slave trade and to commemorate the lives lost and the resilience of those who fought for freedom. Take a moment of silence at memorial sites and pay tribute to the indomitable spirit of the individuals who resisted and advocated for an end to the slave trade.

Preserving History and Promoting Awareness:

Bagamoyo’s historical sites and narratives serve as reminders of the atrocities of the past. Efforts are being made to preserve and protect these sites, as well as to promote awareness and education about the consequences of the slave trade. By supporting these initiatives and engaging in responsible tourism, you contribute to the preservation of Bagamoyo’s history and the commemoration of those who suffered.


Bagamoyo stands as a testament to the resilience of the human spirit in the face of oppression. As you walk its streets and explore its historic sites, you’ll gain a profound understanding of the dark history of the East African slave trade. Bagamoyo calls upon visitors to reflect, remember, and work toward a more just and inclusive world where the lessons of the past shape a brighter future for all.